The White House has taken steps to make all data created and stored by the federal government openly accessible to the public. The president issued an executive order, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy established an open data policy, both of which require data generated by the government from this point on to be made available in open, machine-readable formats, while safeguarding privacy, confidentiality, and security as necessary.
Archive for the ‘Government Action’ Category
The U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion this morning in the case of Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., ruling that the doctrine of first sale applies to copies of works legally made abroad and imported into the U.S. The first-sale doctrine allows the owner of a book to legally resell it; in the case of libraries, it allows books printed overseas to be circulated to users.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy has issued a directive that aims to increase public access to the results of federally funded research. This policy memorandum directs federal agencies spending more than $100 million in research and development grants to develop plans that will make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public and that will require researchers to better manage digital data resulting from federally funded research.
Zoe Lofgren joined her House colleagues Mike Doyle and Kevin Yoder to introduce the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), designed to increase the openness, transparency, and accessibility of publicly funded research results. The legislation, which has attracted wide bipartisan support, would require federal agencies with annual extramural research budgets of $100 million or more to provide public online access to manuscripts resulting from funded research no later than six months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Senators John Cornyn and Ron Wyden also introduced the bill in the U.S. Senate.
For the second time in just over a year, a federal judge has ruled in favor of UCLA in a copyright case involving video streaming for instructional purposes.
In October 2011 Judge Consuelo B. Marshall with the U.S. District Court in Los Angeles dismissed a lawsuit brought by Ambrose Video Publishing Inc. and the Association for Information Media and Equipment, which alleged that UCLA violated copyright by streaming DVDs of performances of Shakespeare’s plays. She allowed the plaintiffs to file an amended complaint but ruled against that as well; her second ruling was issued on November 20.
Representatives Zoe Lofgren and Henry Waxman have joined more than twenty bipartisan co-sponsors of the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2012 in the U.S. House of Representatives. This legislation would require federal agencies to provide public online access to articles reporting on the results of federally funded research no more than six months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Joint bills were introduced in both the House and Senate on February 9 and have attracted broad bipartisan support for their potential to fuel innovation and economic growth.
Representatives Darryl Issa (R-CA) and Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), co-sponsors of H.R. 3699, the Research Works Act, have decided not to take further action on the legislation. The bill spurred broad and varied reactions from publishers, researchers, universities, and open-access advocates; most recently, the publisher Elsevier withdrew its support for the legislation.
Lawrence Pitts, UC provost and executive vice chancellor, added his signature to a letter from higher adminstration officials supporting the Federal Research Public Access Act, which was recently introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA) has been introduced in the House of Representatives by a bipartisan list of co-sponsors. The bill would require federal agencies with annual extramural research budgets of $100 million or more to provide public online access to research papers resulting from funded research no later than six months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
Similar legislation was introduced in the Senate in 2009.
A report has been issued by the Scholarly Publishing Roundtable, which was created in June 2009 by the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology in coordination with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Charged with examining the current state of scholarly publishing and developing recommendations to expand public access to journal articles arising from research funded by federal agencies, the committee included academic administrators, librarians, publishers, and researchers.
The group’s recommendations were endorsed by twelve of its fourteen members. The two dissenters were publishers’ representatives from Elsevier and Public Library of Science.